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Linda Ivany

Linda Ivany

Linda Ivany

Professor: Evolutionary Paleoecology and Paleoclimate


Earth and Environmental Sciences
214 Heroy Geology Laboratory
Office: 315.443.3626


Social/Academic Links

Courses Taught

  • First-Year Forum (CAS 101)
  • Earth Science (EAR 105)
  • History of Earth and Life (EAR 210)
  • Introduction to Paleobiology (EAR 325)
  • Paleoecology (EAR 624)
  • Geochemical Patterns in the History of Earth and Life (EAR 455/655)
  • Topics in Paleobiology (EAR 429/629)
Research and Teaching Interests

Evolutionary Paleoecology, Paleoclimatology - view my research page

Professor Ivany’s research lies at the intersection of paleoecology and paleoclimatology. She works mainly on fossil mollusks and is broadly interested in relationships among ecology, evolution, and environment. Much of her work uses high-resolution stable isotope records of accretionary skeletons (e.g., shells, coral, teeth) to understand the growth and life histories of organisms and the temperature and seasonality of ancient environments through time. She is particularly interested in times of greenhouse climates in Earth’s distant past, with longstanding multidisciplinary research projects in the Paleogene of the US Gulf Coastal Plain and Antarctica. Other projects relate to the evolution of lifespan, including extreme longevity, the significance of skeletal oxygen isotope values in deep time, and how the architecture and composition of the sedimentary record influence metrics of Phanerozoic diversity.

Current and Past Students

Daniel Phillipi (Ph.D. in progress)

  • Merchantek (New Wave) MicroMill microsampling system
  • JEOL NeoScope Benchtop Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) equipped with Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS) and JEOL Smart Coater (gold)
  • Isomet 1000 Slow Speed Saw and trim saw
  • Buehler polishing wheel
  • Brasseler and VMax hand-held dental drills
  • Olympus SZ61 binocular microscope with dedicated digital camera
  • Canon digital SLR camera
Bedrock of Success: Female Earth and Environmental Sciences Scholars Carry on a Legacy of Mentorship

(Nov. 20, 2023)

EES Professor Linda Ivany ’88 and her former graduate student Christy Visaggi G’04 were recently recognized by the Association for Women Geoscientists for their excellence in research and teaching.

Through A&S-VPA Collaboration, Syracuse University Students Gain Unique Opportunity to Draw Modern and Ancient Lifeforms

(Jan. 11, 2023)

A&S Professor Linda Ivany opens the paleontology lab to College of Visual and Performing Arts (VPA) Professor Susan D’Amato’s ‘Drawing Nature’ class.

The Impact of Extinction

(March 21, 2022)

New research published in PNAS answers a lingering question about the source of atmospheric sulfur leading to the extinction of the dinosaurs.

Professor Linda Ivany Featured in Exhibit Highlighting the Work of Women Paleontologists

(Nov. 24, 2021)

A virtual and in-person exhibit at the Museum of the Earth in nearby Ithaca explores the achievements and discoveries made by women studying the rich history of life on planet Earth.

Have You Ever Wondered How Many Species Have Inhabited the Earth? A&S Researchers Confirm We May Never Know

(July 8, 2021)

Earth and environmental sciences professors explain why naming new species may be a never-ending journey.

EES Professors Contribute to Study on Future Climate Prediction

(Nov. 6, 2020)

Climate experts make the case for including ancient data in future models.

Using the Past to Predict the Future

(Aug. 10, 2020)

A&S researchers lay the groundwork to reconstruct global climate through Earth's history.

Syracuse Researchers Shine Light on Ancient Global Warming

(Sept. 5, 2018)

New paper by Professor Linda Ivany poses questions about marine life's current, future response to climate change

Syracuse Researchers Confirm Marine Animals Live Longer at High Latitudes

(Aug. 3, 2016)

Findings have major implications for study of evolutionary, ecological history

Professors Look to Geologic Past to Predict Future Environmental Conditions

(June 22, 2016)

Earth scientists use NSF grant to study link between elevated temperatures, precipitation in ancient Antarctica

New President of National Academy of Sciences to Speak on Climate Interventions April 15

(April 8, 2016)

Renowned geophysicist Marcia McNutt will deliver Seltzer & Slepecky Lecture

Syracuse Geologists Rack up Honors, Awards

(April 28, 2015)

Professors Ivany, Baldwin, Samson recognized for leadership, service

Selected Publications

Judd, E.J., Bhattacharya, T., Ivany, L.C. (2020) A dynamical framework for interpreting ancient sea surface temperatures. Geophysical Research Letters, v. 47, e2020GL089044,

Saulsbury, J.G., Moss, D.K., Ivany, L.C., Kowalewski, M., Lindberg, D., Gillooly, J.F., Heim, N.A., McClain, C.R., Payne, J., Roopnarine, P.D., Schöne, B.R., Keating-Bitonti, C., Goodwin, D., Finnegan, S. (2019) Evaluating the influences of temperature, productivity, and evolutionary history on bivalve growth rates. Paleobiology, v. 45, pp. 405-420. (Featured Article)

Jimenez*, M.Y., Ivany, L. C., Judd*, E.J., and Henkes, G. (2019) Low and seasonally variable salinity in the Pennsylvanian equatorial Appalachian Basin. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 519, pp. 182-191.

(*student author; †postdoc author)

Judd*, E.J., Ivany, L.C., DeConto, R.M., Halberstadt, A.R.W., Miklus*, N.M., Junium, C.K., Uveges, B.T. (2019) Seasonally resolved proxy data from the Antarctic Peninsula support a heterogeneous middle Eocene Southern Ocean. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, v. 34, pp. 787-799. DOI: 10.1029/2019PA003581

(*student author; †postdoc author)

Ivany, L.C. and Czekanski-Moir, J. (2019) Macroevolution: Reined-in richness. Nature Ecology and Evolution, v. 3, pp. 520-521. DOI: 10.1038/s41559-019-0863-9.

Ivany, L.S., Pietsch, C., Handley, J.C., Lockwood, R., Allmon, W.D., and Sessa, J.A. (2018) Little lasting impact of the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum on shallow marine molluscan faunas. Science Advances. v. 4, eaat5528. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aat5528,

K. N. Gilbert, L. C. Ivany & M. D. Uhen (2018) Living fast and dying young: life history and ecology of a Neogene sperm whale, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 38:2, DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2018.1439038

Judd*, E.J., Wilkinson, B.H., and Ivany, L.C. (2018) The life and time of clams: Derivation of intra-annual growth rates from high-resolution oxygen isotope profiles. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 490, pp. 70-83.

Moss*, D.K., Ivany, L.C., Silver, R.B., Schue*, J., and Artruc*, E.G. (2017) High latitude settings promote extreme longevity in fossil marine bivalves. Paleobiology, v. 43, pp. 365-382. DOI:

Moss*, D.K., Ivany, L.C., Judd*, E.J., Cummings*, P.W., Bearden*, C.E., Kim*, W.-J., Artruc*, E.G., Driscoll*, J.R. (2016) Lifespan, growth rate, and body size across latitude in marine Bivalvia, with implications for Phanerozoic evolution. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B, v. 283, 20161364;

Beard*, J.A., Ivany, L.C., and Runnegar, B. (2015) Gradients in seasonality and seawater oxygen isotopic composition along the Early Permian Gondwanan Coast, SE Australia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 425, pp. 219-231.

Douglas, P.D., Affek, H.P., Ivany, L.C., Houben, A.J., Sijp, W.P., Sluijs, A., Schouten, S. Pagani, M. (2014) Pronounced zonal heterogeneity in Eocene southern high-latitude sea surface temperatures. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, v. 111, p. 6582-6587.

Ivany, L.C. (2012) Reconstructing paleoseasonality from accretionary skeletal carbonates: Challenges and opportunities. In L. C. Ivany, and B. T. Huber (eds.), Reconstructing Earth's Deep-Time Climate. Paleontological Society Papers, v. 18, pp. 133-165.

Sessa, J. A., Ivany, L. C., Schlossnagle, T. H., Samson, S. D. & Schellenberg, S. A., The fidelity of oxygen and strontium isotope values from shallow shelf settings: Implications for temperature and age reconstructions. Jul 15 2012, In : Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 342-343, p. 27-39.

Sessa†, J.A., Bralower, T.J., Patzkowsky, M.E., Handley, J.C. and Ivany, L.C. (2012) Environmental and biological controls on the diversification and ecological reorganization of Late Cretaceous and early Paleogene marine ecosystems in the Gulf Coastal Plain. Paleobiology v. 38, pp. 218-239. DOI:

Ivany, L.C., Brey, T., Huber, M., Buick, D.P., and Schöne, B.R. (2011) El Niño in the Eocene greenhouse recorded by fossil bivalves and wood from Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters. v. 38, L16709,

Keating-Bitonti, C. R., Ivany, L. C., Affek, H. P., Douglas, P. & Samson, S. D., Warm, not super-hot, temperatures in the early Eocene subtropics. Aug 1 2011, In : Geology. 39, 8, p. 771-774.

Wall*, P.D., Ivany, L.C., and Wilkinson, B.H. (2011) Impact of outcrop area on estimates of Phanerozoic terrestrial biodiversity trends. In A. McGowan and A.B. Smith (Eds.) Comparing the Geological and Fossil Records: Implications for Biodiversity Studies. Geological Society of London, Special Publication 358, p. 53-62.

(*student author; †postdoc author)

Visaggi*, C.C. and Ivany, L.C. (2010) The influence of data type and selection on interpretations of stability in Oligocene faunas of Mississippi. Palaios v. 25, pp. 769-779

Ivany, L.C. and Runnegar, B. (2010) Early Permian seasonality from bivalve δ18O and implications for the oxygen isotopic composition of seawater. Geology v. 38, pp. 1027-1030.

Haveles*, A.W., and Ivany, L.C. (2010) Rapid growth explains large size of mollusks in the Eocene Gosport Sand, US Gulf Coast. Palaios v. 25, pp. 550-564.

Ivany, Linda C., Brett, Carlton E., Wall*, Heather L.B., Wall*, Patrick D., Handley, John C. (2009) Relative taxonomic and ecologic stability in Devonian marine faunas of New York State: A test of coordinated stasis. Paleobiology, v. 35, p. 499-524.

Brett, C.E., L.C. Ivany, A.J. Bartholomew, M.K. DeSantis, and G.C. Baird. (2009) Devonian ecological-evolutionary subunits in the Appalachian Basin: A revision and a test of persistence and discreteness. In Koenigshof , P. (ed.) Devonian Change: Case Studies in Palaeogeography and Palaeoecology. Journal of the Geological Society of London, Special Publication 314, p. 7-34.

Aronson, R.B., Moody, R.M., Ivany, L.C., Blake, D.B., Werner, J.E., and Glass, A. (2009) Climate change and trophic response of the Antarctic bottom fauna. PLoS One, v. 4, e4385, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004385.

Wall, Patrick D.*, Ivany, Linda C., and Wilkinson, Bruce H. (2009) Revisiting Raup: Exploring the influence of outcrop area on diversity in light of modern sample-standardization techniques. Paleobiology, v. 35, p. 149-170.

Allmon, W.D., Morris, P.J., Ivany, L.C. (2009) A tree grows in Queens: Stephen Jay Gould and ecology. In W.D. Allmon (ed.) His View of Life. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 147-170.

Ivany, L.C., Lohmann, K.C, Blake, D.B., Hasiuk, F., Aronson, R.B., Glass, A., and Moody, R. (2008) Eocene climate record of a high southern latitude continental shelf: Seymour Island, Antarctica. GSA Bulletin, V. 120, no. 5/6, p. 659-678.

Alroy, John, and the NCEAS Marine Inverteberate Working Group (2008) Phanerozoic trends in the global diversity of marine invertebrates. Science, v. 321, p. 97-100.

Allmon, W.D. and Ivany, L.C. (2008) Testing for causal relationships between environmental and evolutionary change in the marine Paleogene of the US Gulf Coastal Plain: The nature of the problem. Transactions of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, v. 58, p. 25-44.

Ivany, L.C. 2007. Contributions to the Eocene climate record of the Antarctic Peninsula. in Antarctica: A Keystone in a Changing World – Online Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences X, edited by A. K. Cooper and C. R. Raymond et al., USGS Open-File Report 2007-1047, Extended Abstract 068, p. 1-4.

Ivany, Linda C., Van Simaeys, Stefaan, Domack, Eugene W., Samson, Scott D. (2006) Evidence for an earliest Oligocene ice sheet on the Antarctic Peninsula. Geology, v. 34, p. 377-380.

De Man, Ellen M.*, Ivany, Linda C., and Vandenberghe, Noël (2004) Stable oxygen isotope record of the Eocene-Oligocene transition in the southern North Sea Basin: positioning the Oi1-event. The Netherlands Journal of Geosciences, v. 83, pp 193-197.

Buick, Devin P.* and Ivany, Linda C. (2004) 100 years in the dark: extreme longevity of Eocene bivalves from Antarctica. Geology, v. 32, pp. 921-924. Ivany, Linda C., Peters, Stephen C., Wilkinson, Bruce H., Lohmann, Kyger C, Reimer, Beth A.* (2004) Seawater Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca records from an Oligocene coral. Geobiology, v. 2, pp. 97-106.

Kobashi, Takuro, Grossman, Ethan L., Dockery, David T., and Ivany, Linda C. (2004) Watermass stability reconstructions from greenhouse (Eocene) to icehouse (Oligocene) for the northern Gulf Coast continental shelf (U.S.A.). Paleoceanography, v. 19, PA 1022, doi: 10.1029/2003PA000934 (16 pages).

Ivany, Linda C., Wilkinson, Bruce W., Lohmann, Kyger C, Johnson, Emily R., McElroy, Brandon J., and Cohen, Gregory J.* (2004) Intra-annual isotopic variation in Venericardia bivalves: Implications for early Eocene climate, seasonality, and salinity on the US Gulf Coast. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 74, pp. 7-19.

Ivany, Linda C., Lohmann, Kyger C, and Patterson, William P. (2003) Paleogene temperature history of the US Gulf Coastal Plain inferred from fossil otoliths. In Prothero, D., Ivany, L.C., and Nesbitt, E. (eds) From Greenhouse to Icehouse: The Marine Eocene-Oligocene Transition. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 232-251.

Ivany, Linda C., Nesbitt, Elizabeth A., and Prothero, Donald R. (2003) The marine Eocene-Oligocene transition: a synthesis. In Prothero, D.R., Ivany, L.C., and Nesbitt, E.A. (eds) From Greenhouse to Icehouse: The Marine Eocene-Oligocene Transition. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 522-534.

Prothero, Donald, Ivany, L.C., and Nesbitt, Elizabeth (Editors) (2003) From Greenhouse to Icehouse: The Marine Eocene-Oligocene Transition. New York: Columbia University Press, 541 p.

Ivany, Linda C., Wilkinson, Bruce H., and Jones, Douglas S. (2003) Using stable isotopic data to resolve rate and duration of growth throughout ontogeny: an example from the surf clam, Spisula solidissima. Palaios 18, pp. 126-137.

Wilkinson, Bruce H. and Ivany, Linda C. (2002) Paleoclimatic inference from stable isotopic compositions of accretionary biogenic hardparts – a quantitative approach to the evaluation of incomplete data. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 185, pp. 95-114.

Bonuso, Nicole B., Newton, Cathryn R., Brower, James C., and Ivany, Linda C. (2002) Does coordinated stasis yield taxonomic and ecologic stability? Middle Devonian Hamilton Group of Central New York State. Geology 30, pp. 1055-1058.

Bonuso, Nicole B., Newton, Cathryn R., Brower, James C., and Ivany, Linda C. (2002) Statistical testing of community patterns: Uppermost Hamilton Group, Middle Devonian (New York State, U.S.A.). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 185, pp.1-24.

Walker, Luke J., Wilkinson, Bruce H., and Ivany, Linda C. (2002) Continental drift and Phanerozoic carbonate accumulation in shallow shelf and deep marine settings. Journal of Geology 110, pp 75-87.

Alroy, John, and the NCEAS Phanerozoic Diversity Working Group (2001) Effects of sampling standardization on estimates of Phanerozoic marine diversification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 98(11), pp. 6261-6266.

Ivany, Linda C., Patterson, William P., and Lohmann, Kyger C (2000) Cooler winters as a possible cause of mass extinctions at the Eocene-Oligocene boundary. Nature, 407, pp. 887-890.

Ivany, Linda C. (1998) Sequence stratigraphy of the middle Eocene Claiborne Stage, US Gulf Coastal Plain. Southeastern Geology, 38(1), pp. 1-20.

Schopf, Kenneth M. & Ivany, Linda C. (1998) Scaling the ecosystem: a hierarchical view of stasis and change, in McKinney, Michael L. and Drake, James A. (eds) Biodiversity Dynamics: Turnover of Populations, Taxa, and Communities. Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 187-211.

Ivany, Linda C. (1996) Coordinated stasis or coordinated turnover? Exploring intrinsic versus extrinsic controls on pattern. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Volume 127(1-4), pp. 239-256.

Brett, Carlton E., Ivany, Linda C., & Schopf, Kenneth M. (1996) Coordinated stasis in marine communities: an overview. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Volume 127(1-4), pp. 1-20.

Ivany, Linda C. & Schopf, Kenneth M. (Editors) (1996) “New perspectives on faunal stability in the fossil record”, a theme issue of Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Volume 127, no. 1-4.

Morris, Paul J., Ivany, Linda C., Schopf, Kenneth M., & Brett, Carlton E. (1995) The challenge of paleoecological stasis: Reassessing sources of evolutionary stability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, Volume 92, no. 24, pp. 11269-11273.

Ivany, Linda C., Newton, Cathryn R., & Mullins, Henry T. (1994) Benthic invertebrates of a modern carbonate ramp: a preliminary survey. Journal of Paleontology, Volume 68, pp. 417-433.

Ivany, Linda C. & Salawitch, Ross J. (1993) Carbon isotopic evidence for biomass burning at the K-T boundary. Geology, Volume 21, pp. 487-490

Ivany, Linda C., Portell, Roger W., & Jones, Douglas S. (1990) Animal-plant relationships and paleobiogeography of an Eocene seagrass community from Florida. Palaios, Volume 5, pp. 244-258.